Investment Law’s Uruguay Moment

My scholarship has addressed the regulatory autonomy available to governments under global and regional trade and investment regimes and has compared the balance between the liberalized trade and investments on one hand and the regulatory power of governments within these regimes. I am currently working on a forthcoming article entitled Investment Law’s Uruguay Moment, which traces the temporally delayed, but structurally similar development of the international investment law regime to that of the World Trade Organization.

Previous work in this area includes:

  • Regulatory Space in International Trade Law and International Investment Law, 36 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 1 (2014-2015) (forthcoming), available at
  • International Standards, in: Michael Trebilcock and Tracey Epps (eds), TBT Agreement, Edward Elgar Research Handbook Series, 2013, 238, available at abstract =2238478.
  • Conceptualizing the Shapeshifting Nature of Investment Law(yers): A Response to Jason Yackee’s Controlling the International Investment Law Agency, in 54 Harvard Journal of International Law online 38 (2012), available at =2193814
  • Law Talk v. Science Talk: The Languages of Law and Science in WTO Proceedings, 35 Fordham International Law Journal 151 (2011), available at

Autonomous Weapon Systems

A second area of my work concerns the regulation of modern technology in armed conflict, present and future. My particular focus at this point is the use of autonomous weapon systems, i.e. systems that can independently and without human intervention detect and engage targets.

Previous work in this area includes:

  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, in: Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford University Press (forthcoming), available at
  • The Dehumanization of International Humanitarian Law: Legal, Ethical and Political Implications of Autonomous Weapon Systems, 47 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1371 (2014), available at
  • Autonomy in the Battlespace: Independently Operating Weapon Systems and the Law of Armed Conflict, in: Dan Saxon (ed.), International Humanitarian Law and the Changing Technology of War, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013, 99, available at
  • Taking Humans Out of the Loop: Implications for International Humanitarian Law – A Response to Brendan Gogarty and Meredith Hagger, 21 Journal of Law, Information and Science 155 (2011/2012), available at

For a list of publications, see here. Many of my publications are available on SSRN.